José Martí, in full José Julián Martí y Pérez, (born January 28, 1853, Havana, Cuba—died May 19, 1895, Dos Ríos), Cuban poet and essayist, patriot and martyr, who became the symbol of Cuba’s struggle for independence from Spain.
- José Martí, in full José Julián Martí y Pérez, (born January 28, 1853, Havana, Cuba—died May 19, 1895, Dos Ríos), Cuban poet and essayist, patriot and martyr, who became the symbol of Cuba ’s struggle for independence from Spain. His dedication to the goal of Cuban freedom made his name a synonym for liberty throughout Latin America.
Who is considered the father of Cuban independence?
Born in Havana, Cuba, José Julián Martí y Pérez was the son of poor Spanish immigrants. Thanks to the aid of his teacher, he was able to go to high school just at the time the Ten Years’ War, Cuba’s first struggle for independence, began.
When did José Martí die?
Eleven years after the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donojú signs the Treaty of Córdoba, which approves a plan to make Mexico an independent constitutional monarchy.
Who officially started the fight for independence?
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, launches the Mexican War of Independence with the issuing of his Grito de Dolores, or “Cry of Dolores.” The revolutionary tract, so-named because it was publicly read by Hidalgo in the town of Dolores, called for the end of 300 years of Spanish rule in Mexico,
Was Jose Marti married?
On 10 October 1868, the landowner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes declared Cuban independence and freedom for his slaves. This began the Ten Years’ War, which lasted from 1868 to 1878.
When did Cuba gain independence?
Celia Cruz (1925–2003) was a Cuban American singer popularly known as the “Queen of Salsa.” The second of four children, Celia Cruz was born Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso de la Santísima Trinidad in Havana, Cuba, in 1925.
Who was General Valeriano Weyler and what did he do?
Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, 1st Duke of Rubí, 1st Marquess of Tenerife (17 September 1838 – 20 October 1930) was a Spanish general and colonial administrator who served as the Governor-General of the Philippines and Cuba, and later as Spanish Minister for War.
Where did Jose Marti go to school?
was a Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York launched a revolution in 1895 also organized Cuban resistance againsts Spain using an active guerrilla campaign & deliberately destroying property.