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The iliad and the odyssey are examples of which type of poetry?

What type of poetry is The Odyssey?

The Odyssey, like its companion poem, The Iliad, is an epic poem, meaning an exalted story of a warrior-like hero’s journey and dealings with the gods, told in a formal poetic structure.

What type of poetry is The Iliad?

The Iliad is written in dactylic hexameter. It is as dominant in Greek and Latin poetry as iambic pentameter is in English. It is the meter of epic poetry, didactic poetry, and is one of two meters used in elegy and epigram. The measure is one long syllable followed by two short syllables.

Is the Iliad and Odyssey the same?

The Iliad and The Odyssey are ancient Greek epic poems, traditionally ascribed to Homer. The Iliad describes the events of the Trojan War, namely a few weeks of the last year of the war. The Odyssey focuses on Odysseus, king of Ithaca, and his homecoming after the victory of the Achaeans.

What does Iliad and Odyssey mean?

The Iliad tells the story of the Greek struggle to rescue Helen, a Greek queen, from her Trojan captors. The Odyssey takes the fall of the city of Troy as its starting point and crafts a new epic around the struggle of one of those Greek warriors, the hero Odysseus.

What is a metaphor in the Odyssey?

When we come to Homer, it is important to say that he does use metaphors as much as he uses similes. An example of a metaphor in the Odyssey, is when Homer writes, “Nine years we wove a web of disaster.” Another example is when Homer says: “[Odysseus is] fated to escape his noose of pain”.

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Why Odyssey is an epic poem?

An epic is a long, episodic narrative poem that recounts the adventures of a historical or mystical hero. … “The Odyssey”, by Homer, is an epic because Odysseus (the hero) faces supernatural antagonists, the gods and goddesses play an important role, and Odysseus is being restored as a rightful leader.

Is the Iliad hard to read?

We’re actually being serious, Shmoopers (and we’re never serious). This text is actually not that mind-fryingly difficult. Unless you’re reading it in the original Ancient Greek. … For the first-time reader, probably the hardest thing about Homer’s Iliad is its language.

Is the Iliad true?

As the historical sources – Herodotus and Eratosthenes – show, it was generally assumed to have been a real event. According to Homer’s Iliad, the conflict between the Greeks – led by Agamemnon, King of Mycenae – and the Trojans – whose king was Priam – took place in the Late Bronze Age, and lasted 10 years.

Why is Hector a hero?

Hector is portrayed as a very humane hero, he is affectionate to his wife and child, he defends his brother, fights in the war to defend Troy and only kills out of necessity of war without revelling in death. These actions help the audience feel sympathetic for Hector and even empathise with him.

Who kill Achilles?

Achilles is killed by an arrow, shot by the Trojan prince Paris. In most versions of the story, the god Apollo is said to have guided the arrow into his vulnerable spot, his heel. In one version of the myth Achilles is scaling the walls of Troy and about to sack the city when he is shot.

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Which comes first Iliad or Odyssey?

The Iliad is the earlier work (it was written first) [1]. Also the events in the Odyssey are a direct consequence of what happens in the Iliad and the reader of the Odyssey is assumed to know the summary of the plot in the Iliad and who the main characters are. … The Iliad is the earlier work (it was written first) [1].

Why is it called the Iliad?

Title History

The title of Homer’s epic is actually from the phrase Ilias poiesis, meaning ”poem of Ilion. ” Ilion is the ancient name for the city of Troy. So literally, The Iliad means ”poem of Troy. … Homer begins The Iliad in the final weeks of the Trojan War, when things have really started to heat up.

What is the main point of the Iliad?

The Iliad is an epic poem, written by Homer, that covers the quarrels and fighting near the end of the Trojan War. The story opens nine years into the war, which basically started because Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, kidnapped Helen from Menelaus, a Greek and brother of Agamemnon, King of Mycenae.

Which is better Iliad or Odyssey?

It spans a longer period of time, and there’s more variation in scene and characters. However, the Iliad is very focused on people. It’s grittier, the reality it represents feels more harsh. The Odyssey includes more themes of family, home, and travel – plus, more of the supernatural, like witchcraft and cyclopes.

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