The Battle of Maldon, Old English heroic poem describing a historical skirmish between East Saxons and Viking (mainly Norwegian) raiders in 991. It is incomplete, its beginning and ending both lost. The poem is remarkable for its vivid, dramatic combat scenes and for its expression of the Germanic ethos of loyalty to a leader.
What happened in the Battle of Maldon?
The Battle of Maldon took place on 11 August 991 AD near Maldon beside the River Blackwater in Essex, England, during the reign of Æthelred the Unready. Earl Byrhtnoth and his thegns led the English against a Viking invasion. The battle ended in an Anglo-Saxon defeat.
Why is the Battle of Maldon an important literary piece?
Only The Battle of Maldon (and The Battle of Brunanburh, which celebrates an English victory over Danish and Scottish forces in 937) provide insight into how an Anglo-Saxon poet might view his own age in the light of Germanic literary and cultural tradition.
Who was the commander of the Anglo-Saxon army and who was the commander of the Viking army?
Finally, in 870 the Danes attacked the only remaining independent Anglo-Saxon kingdom, Wessex, whose forces were commanded by King Aethelred and his younger brother Alfred. At the battle of Ashdown in 871, Alfred routed the Viking army in a fiercely fought uphill assault.
What is Maldon famous for?
Maldon is the second oldest town in Essex and is known across the world for its connection to the coast, with its famous sea salt, infamous mud race and the iconic Thames Sailing Barges.
What is the theme of the poem battle?
Conclusion. In his poem The Battle, Louis describes soldiers going to the battle line, and what transpires there. The major theme in the poem is the horrors of war. This paper criticized the poem from a formalist perspective.
Is Byrhtnoth a hero?
For example, In the Battle of Maldon, the orally transmitted poetry that illustrated the grand battle led by English earl Byrhtnoth against invasion of Viking raiders, the tragic hero Byrhtnoth was portrayed to represent the ideal definition of Anglo-Saxon heroism with both his self-dignity and national pride.
What happened to the Anglo-Saxon leaders?
When Edward died in 1066, the English Witan chose Harold (son of Godwin, the Earl of Wessex) as the next king. Harold hurried south and the two armies fought at the Battle of Hastings (14 October 1066). The Normans won, Harold was killed, and William became king. This brought an end to Anglo–Saxon and Viking rule.
How big was the Anglo-Saxon army?
It is not clear how large armies were; the Saxons themselves described anything more than 30 warriors as an army. This was about same number as a ship’s crew.
What does the danegeld mean?
: an annual tax believed to have been imposed originally to buy off Danish invaders in England or to maintain forces to oppose them but continued as a land tax.
Who was the commander of the Viking army?
Legend has it that the force was led by four of the five sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, including Halfdan Ragnarsson, Ivar the Boneless, Björn Ironside and possibly Ubba.
Who wrote the poem battle?
The poem Battle by Chuu Yuan was all about the war. The author illustrate what is happening in the battle. This entire poem is a reflection of past.It focuses on the battle of two clansor warrior with different perspective that they were fighting in their life.
What is the difference between Anglo Saxons and Vikings?
Vikings were pagans and often raided monasteries looking for gold. Money paid as compensation. The Anglo–Saxons came from The Netherlands (Holland), Denmark and Northern Germany. The Normans were originally Vikings from Scandinavia.
Who was the most famous Viking?
Arguably the most famous Viking warrior of them all, not least for his role as the leading protagonist in Vikings, the History Channel’s popular drama.
Did the Vikings attack York?
The Viking invasion of York took place on November 1st 866 AD and was led by Ivar The Boneless. The city was captured and made the capital of the Viking territory in Northern England. The Vikings changed the name of the city from the Saxon Eoforwic to a more Danish “Jorvik”.