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Quick Answer: Which Enlightenment Writer Expressed The Idea That The Relationship Between?

38. Enlightenment philosophes such as John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote that the relationship between citizens and their government was a social contract.

Which Enlightenment writer stressed that government powers should be clearly defined and divided?

Baron de Montesquieu, a writer of the Enlightenment, stressed that government powers should be clearly defined and divided. John Locke, a writer during the Enlightenment, expressed the idea that the relationship between government and the people it governed was a social contract.

Which Enlightenment writer stressed that government powers?

Montesquieu was a French lawyer, man of letters, and one of the most influential political philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. His political theory work, particularly the idea of separation of powers, shaped the modern democratic government.

What group argued that the Constitution must spell out ways to protect peoples basic rights?

The Federalists Both Hamilton and Madison argued that the Constitution didn’t need a Bill of Rights, that it would create a “parchment barrier” that limited the rights of the people, as opposed to protecting them.

What idea of Baron de Montesquieu can be found in the Constitution explain how it works and tell why the framers thought it was important?

Montesquieu called the idea of dividing government power into three branches the “separation of powers.” He thought it most important to create separate branches of government with equal but different powers. That way, the government would avoid placing too much power with one individual or group of individuals.

Which Enlightenment writer expressed the idea that the relationship between government and people it governs is a social contract?

38. Enlightenment philosophes such as John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote that the relationship between citizens and their government was a social contract.

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Which Enlightenment writer expressed the idea that three separate branches of government could be created this idea became known as the separation of powers?

The Enlightenment philosopher Montesquieu coined the phrase “trias politica,” or separation of powers, in his influential 18th-century work “Spirit of the Laws.” His concept of a government divided into legislative, executive and judicial branches acting independently of each other inspired the framers of the U.S.

What was Jean Jacques Rousseau Enlightenment ideas?

Rousseau argued that the general will of the people could not be decided by elected representatives. He believed in a direct democracy in which everyone voted to express the general will and to make the laws of the land. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small scale, a city-state like his native Geneva.

What did Enlightenment thinkers believe that contributed to changes in relationships between citizens and governments?

Which belief of the Enlightenment thinkers contribute to changes in relationships between citizens and governments? John Locke believed that the government had an obligation to the people it governed to protect their natural rights.

Who were the Enlightenment thinkers what points of view did Enlightenment thinkers have about government?

These thinkers valued reason, science, religious tolerance, and what they called “natural rights”—life, liberty, and property. Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern.

What did federalists believe?

Federalists wanted a strong central government. They believed that a strong central government was necessary if the states were going to band together to form a nation. A strong central government could represent the nation to other countries.

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Which reason best explains why Anti-Federalists argued for the bill of rights?

Antifederalists argued that a bill of rights was necessary because, the supremacy clause in combination with the necessary and proper and general welfare clauses would allow implied powers that could endanger rights. Federalists rejected the proposition that a bill of rights was needed.

Who wrote the Federalist papers and why were they written?

The Federalist Papers was a collection of essays written by John Jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton in 1788. The essays urged the ratification of the United States Constitution, which had been debated and drafted at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787.

What idea of Montesquieu influenced the United States Constitution quizlet?

Montesquieu believed that a government should not be controlled by a particular group, influencing the government to consist of 3 branches of government in separation of powers. Also, he influenced the Constitution to create a federal system, the national and state governments to divide their power.

How did Baron de Montesquieu’s ideas influence the writers of the US Constitution quizlet?

In 1748, Montesquieu wrote The Spirit of the Laws. This article described checks and balances on government by dividing the functions of power between three separate branches of government to protects liberty. We can see his ideas about separation of governmental powers reflected in the United States Constitution.

How did Montesquieu and Locke’s ideas influence the founding fathers?

Locke believed that the purpose of government is to protect individual liberties and the natural rights of life, liberty and property. The Founding Fathers included these ideas when they wrote the Declaration of Independence. Montesquieu saw the dangers of a government ruled by one person with all the power.

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