When did American Gothic literature start?
The first recognized Gothic novel was Horace Walpole ‘s The Castle of Otranto (1764). In the nineteenth century, Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu became a leading author of horror and ghost stories.
What is the history of Gothic literature?
Gothic fiction began as a sophisticated joke. Horace Walpole first applied the word ‘Gothic‘ to a novel in the subtitle – ‘A Gothic Story’ – of The Castle of Otranto, published in 1764. When he used the word it meant something like ‘barbarous’, as well as ‘deriving from the Middle Ages’.
What makes American Gothic literature unique?
American gothic fiction is a subgenre of gothic fiction. Elements specific to American Gothic include: rationality versus the irrational, puritanism, guilt, the uncanny (das unheimliche), ab-humans, ghosts, and monsters.
What is the time period of gothic literature?
What is Gothic Literature? Gothic literature is a genre that emerged as one of the eeriest forms of Dark Romanticism in the late 1700s, a literary genre that emerged as a part of the larger Romanticism movement.
What does American Gothic mean?
American Gothic is a 1930 painting by Grant Wood in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago. Wood was inspired to paint what is now known as the American Gothic House in Eldon, Iowa, along with “the kind of people [he] fancied should live in that house”. The painting is named for the house’s architectural style.
What are the 10 elements of gothic literature?
Terror and Wonder: 10 key elements of Gothic literature
- Set in a haunted castle or house.
- A damsel in distress.
- An atmosphere of mystery and suspense.
- There is a ghost or monster.
- The weather is always awful.
- Burdened male protagonist.
Who is the father of gothic literature?
The Gothic Literary Pioneer: Edgar Allan Poe
Without question, one of the most important and influential American writers of the 19th century, Edgar Allan Poe was the first author to attempt to make a real professional living out of writing.
Who is the most famous Gothic author?
Top 5: Gothic Novels
- The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole (1764) This is the novel that started it all.
- Frankenstein by Mary Shelley (1818)
- Bleak House by Charles Dickens (1853)
- Dracula by Bram Stoker (1897)
- Rebecca by Daphne Du Maurier (1938)
Why is it called Gothic literature?
Called Gothic because its imaginative impulse was drawn from medieval buildings and ruins, such novels commonly used such settings as castles or monasteries equipped with subterranean passages, dark battlements, hidden panels, and trapdoors.
What are the 8 elements of gothic literature?
- Gothic elements include the following:
- Setting in a castle.
- An atmosphere of mystery and suspense.
- An ancient prophecy is connected with the castle or its inhabitants (either former or present).
- Omens, portents, visions.
- Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events.
- High, even overwrought emotion.
- Women in distress.
What is the purpose of gothic literature?
Gothic novels allowed writers and readers to explore these ideas through the medium of storytelling. Ghosts, death and decay, madness, curses, and so-called ‘things that go bump in the night’ provided ways to explore fear of the unknown and what control we have as humans over the unknown.
What does gothic literature focus on?
Gothic literature was a literary movement that focused on death, decay and both physical and psychological terror. Gothic style also suggests a belief in the supernatural and thus many gothic texts contain an air of mystery and intrigue.
Why is Gothic literature so popular?
Gothic horror stories are very popular. This is because: Gothic fiction plays with minds and allows readers to question reality. Many people like the atmospheric settings which invoke a sense of danger but also freedom.
Is Harry Potter a gothic novel?
The Harry Potter novels are marketed as a children’s fantasy series, however, due to the amount of Gothic content within them, they should be considered as part of the Gothic genre or its sub-genres.
What did Gothic originally mean?
Gothic originally meant “having to do with the Goths or their language,” but its meaning eventually came to encompass all the qualities associated with Germanic culture, especially the Germanic culture dominant during the medieval period after the fall of Rome.