How do you conduct a literature search?
Literature Search: Process Flow
- Develop a research question in a specific subject area.
- Make a list of relevant databases and texts you will search.
- Make a list of relevant keywords and phrases.
- Start searching and make notes from each database to keep track of your search.
What is the purpose of a literature search?
Literature search is done to identify appropriate methodology, design of the study; population sampled and sampling methods, methods of measuring concepts and techniques of analysis. It also helps in determining extraneous variables affecting the outcome and identifying faults or lacunae that could be avoided.
What is the first step in conducting a literature search?
- Choose a topic. Define your research question.
- Decide on the scope of your review. How many studies do you need to look at?
- Select the databases you will use to conduct your searches. Make a list of the databases you will search.
- Conduct your searches and find the literature.
- Review the literature.
What is meant by literature search?
A literature search is a systematic, thorough search of all types of literature (e.g. books, peer reviewed articles, etc.) in your topic. It’s important before undertaking any research to fully understand the shape of the literature in the area. Literature searching can be broken down into a series of iterative steps.
What are the 6 stages of a literature search?
- Step 1: Decide on your research question in your own words. For example: “Discuss the closure of residential care homes for older people”.
- Step 2: Define the terms and concepts.
- Step 3: Use Boolean operators.
- Step 4: Limit your search.
- Step 5: Select the right database.
- Step 6: Start searching!
What is literature review and example?
A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. It generally follows a discussion of the paper’s thesis statement or the study’s goals or purpose. *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key, K.L., Rich, C., DeCristofaro, C., Collins, S. (2010).
How is literature review done?
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source.
What must a literature review contain?
Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper.
What is the aim of a literature review?
A literature review establishes familiarity with and understanding of current research in a particular field before carrying out a new investigation. Conducting a literature review should enable you to find out what research has already been done and identify what is unknown within your topic.
What are the steps involved in conducting a literature review?
Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps: Define your subject and the scope of the review. Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic.
How long should my literature review be?
In the absence of specific instructions about the length of a literature review, a general rule of thumb is that it should be proportionate to the length of your entire paper. If your paper is 15 pages long 2-3 pages might suffice for the literature review.
Why is it important to do a literature review in research?
The purpose of a literature review is to gain an understanding of the existing research and debates relevant to a particular topic or area of study, and to present that knowledge in the form of a written report. Conducting a literature review helps you build your knowledge in your field.
What is the order of doing a literature search systematically?
Eight key stages were determined relating specifically to literature searching in systematic reviews. They were: who should literature search, aims and purpose of literature searching, preparation, the search strategy, searching databases, supplementary searching, managing references and reporting the search process.
How do you record a literature search?
Record your search
- Create a document listing all the keywords and subject headings you need for your search.
- Save your search strategy from each database – use the workspace in each database to save your final search. Or simply print it out.
- You’ll find it helpful to keep a simple spreadsheet recording the databases you have searched.
How do you conduct a literature search in psychology?
How to conduct a literature search – top tips
- Develop a clear research question. Be clear on your topic.
- Mindmap your research topic. Consider your topic and draw out the key themes.
- Develop keywords.
- Consider other subject areas.
- Consider appropriate databases.
- Start broad.
- Use search operators.
- Use limiters.