What does environment mean in literature?
Environment may refer either to actual physical surroundings or to social or cultural background factors: an environment of crime and grinding poverty. Milieu, encountered most often in literary writing, refers to intangible aspects of the environment: an exhilarating milieu of artistic ferment and innovation.
What is green literature?
Green literature is a variety of literature that promotes nature and protects nature. Green writers are a name for Indonesian writers who are determined to call for protection and nature conservation. Green literature is a criticism of natural exploitation activities.
What is an Ecocritical reading?
An ecocritical reading is not one that merely examines a text on a superficial level. Instead there is a greater purpose, to understand the role of the environment within the text itself, and consider how that role creates a textual opinion of the environment, either within the text or beyond it.
Who is the founder of Ecocriticism?
It was not until the 1989 WLA conference, when Cheryll Glotfelty, a graduate student at Cornell University at the time, urged the use of the term Ecocriticism instead of “the study of nature writing.” Barry acknowledges Cheryll Glotfelty as the founder of U.S. Ecocriticism.
What are the 3 types of environment?
To divide environments’ sorts we can mention 3 kinds of environments Natural, industrial, and social environment. Natural environment: Include water, light, land, air and all organisms that live in nature.
What are the two types of environment?
Environment mainly consists of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. But it can be roughly divided into two types such as (a) Micro environment and (b) Macro environment. It can also be divided into two other types such as (c) Physical and (d) Biotic environment.
What kind of structure is most common in green literature?
The green literature or ecocriticism the main theme is the nature, and the idea is providing solutions, what is wanted with this movement is to study the environment from an interdisciplinary point of view. The most common structure used is the chronological this allows the reading to follow the line of event in order.
What literature means?
Literature broadly is any collection of written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama, and poetry. In recent centuries, the definition has expanded to include oral literature, much of which has been transcribed.
What does Ecocentrism mean?
Ecocentrism (/ˌɛkoʊˈsɛntrɪzəm/; from Greek: οἶκος oikos, “house” and κέντρον kentron, “center”) is a term used in ecological political philosophy to denote a nature-centered, as opposed to human-centered (i.e. anthropocentric), system of values.
What is the main function of postcolonial criticism?
Post-colonial criticism is similar to cultural studies, but it assumes a unique perspective on literature and politics that warrants a separate discussion. Specifically, post-colonial critics are concerned with literature produced by colonial powers and works produced by those who were/are colonized.
What is the main function of literary theory?
It is literary theory that formulates the relationship between author and work; literary theory develops the significance of race, class, and gender for literary study, both from the standpoint of the biography of the author and an analysis of their thematic presence within texts.
What is psychoanalytic criticism in literature?
Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of “reading” employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the author’s own neuroses.
Who coined the term Ecofeminism?
Ecofeminism, also called ecological feminism, branch of feminism that examines the connections between women and nature. Its name was coined by French feminist Françoise d’Eaubonne in 1974.
What is new historicism theory?
New historicism, a form of literary theory which aims to understand intellectual history through literature and literature through its cultural context, follows the 1950s field of history of ideas and refers to itself as a form of “Cultural Poetics”.
Who coined the term ecology?
The term “ecology” was coined by the German zoologist, Ernst Haeckel, in 1866 to describe the “economies” of living forms.