What is Aristotle’s literary criticism?
Teacher of Alexander the Great. Mainly concerned with tragedy, which was in his day, the most development form of poetry. But, he maintained, (good) art was neither useless nor dangerous, but rather natural and beneficial.
What literature means?
Literature, in its broadest sense, is any written work. Etymologically, the term derives from Latin litaritura/litteratura “writing formed with letters,” although some definitions include spoken or sung texts. More restrictively, it is writing that possesses literary merit.
What is according to Aristotle?
Virtue, therefore, manifests itself in action. More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. For Aristotle, moral virtue is the only practical road to effective action.
Who is Plato in literature?
Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.
What are the major concerns of Aristotle’s Poetics?
In particular, Aristotle focuses his discussion on tragedy, which uses dramatic, rather than narrative, form, and deals with agents who are better than us ourselves. Tragedy serves to arouse the emotions of pity and fear and to effect a katharsis (catharsis) of these emotions.
Why does Aristotle say that poetry is more important than philosophy and history?
Poetry is more “philosophical” than history, according to Aristotle, because in order to unfold a plot in a manner that is convincing to the audience, the poet must grasp and represent the internal logic, the necessity, of the outcome of those events.
What is the best definition of literature?
Literature, a body of written works. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution.
What are the 2 types of literature?
The two types of literature are written and oral. Written literature includes novels and poetry. It also has subsections of prose, fiction, myths, novels and short stories. Oral literature includes folklore, ballads, myths and fables.
What are the qualities of literature?
In this article, we are going to look at 5 essential qualities of good literature.
- Literature should have a theme.
- It should explain the relevance of the theme.
- Literature should have a compelling idea.
- Literature should have good style and grammar.
- Literature should sound genuine.
What are the main ideas of Aristotle?
Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.
What is Aristotle’s definition of virtue?
Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.
What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?
According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.
What were Plato’s main ideas?
Plato believed that reality is an imperfect reflection of a perfect ideal called the Forms. He demonstrates the effect of this dual reality and the need for education in his Allegory of the Cave. Like the dualism of reality, Plato also believed that humans are of a dual nature: body and mind.
Who is the father of philosophy?
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
What is the meaning of good life according to Plato?
Plato’s meaning for good life is wellness of human being. If that person is being healthy, happy with his deeds he is leading a good life. He believes every human being is assigned to do some task, he must do that task without failing.