Why did Plato banish the poets?
Plato is famous for having banished poetry and poets from the ideal city of the Republic. But he did no such thing. He banished them because they produced the wrong sort of poetry. …21 мая 1998 г.
What did Plato say about ethics?
Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.
What did Plato say about music?
According to Plato, music is a useful instrument for education “because more than anything else rhythm and harmony find their way into the inmost soul and take strongest hold upon it.”6 Music begins by stri king the senses and then passing through the senses, it goes more deeply into the sou!.
What Plato and Aristotle said about art and poetry?
Plato and Aristotle argue that artist (Demiurge) and poet imitate nature, thus, a work of art is a relection of nature. However, they have different views on the functions of imitation in art and literature. Plato believes in the existence of the ideal world, where exists a real form of every object found in nature.9 мая 2015 г.
On what grounds does Plato condemn poetry?
Plato attacks poetry on intellectual grounds as well : poets have no knowledge of truth, for they imitate appearances and not the truth of things, illusions instead of reality. Poets, like painters, imitate the surface of things.
What is Plato’s idea of mimesis?
Plato and Aristotle spoke of mimesis as the re-presentation of nature. According to Plato, all artistic creation is a form of imitation: that which really exists (in the “world of ideas”) is a type created by God; the concrete things man perceives in his existence are shadowy representations of this ideal type.
What were Plato’s main ideas?
Plato believed that reality is an imperfect reflection of a perfect ideal called the Forms. He demonstrates the effect of this dual reality and the need for education in his Allegory of the Cave. Like the dualism of reality, Plato also believed that humans are of a dual nature: body and mind.
What were Plato’s main ideas about government?
The philosopher Plato discusses five types of regimes (Republic, Book VIII; Greek: πέντε πολιτεῖαι). They are Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. The tyrannical man would represent Tyranny, for example.
What is Plato’s definition of justice?
Cephalus defines justice as giving what is owed. Polemarchus says justice is “the art which gives good to friends and evil to enemies.” Thrasymachus proclaims “justice is nothing else than the interest of the stronger.”
Who were the 7 thinkers?
Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.
Who are the 3 most important Greek philosophers?
The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers.
What are the 7 elements of music?
Fundamental Elements of Music 01
There are seven of these: Pitch, Duration, Dynamics, Tempo, Timbre, Texture and Structure.
Is Plato really an enemy of poetry?
You would expect such a philosopher to place a high value on literary art, but Plato actually attacked it, along with other forms of what he called mimesis. … As a moralist, Plato disapproves of poetry because it is immoral, as a philosopher he disapproves of it because it is based in falsehood.
How does Plato define love?
Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. This is the ancient, philosophical interpretation.